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Why Is Your Body Not Able to Keep Your Blood Sugar Levels From Rising?

It took me a while until I was able to see the big picture how my pre diabetes, my diet, insulin, beta cells, and diabetes all related to each other. Once I connected all the pieces of the puzzle, I had a clear idea how to proceed to reverse my pre diabetes and not develop diabetes.

Diabetes occurs when your body loses its ability to keep your blood sugar levels from rising too high. Since 1970, obesity rates have skyrocketed along with an epidemic of diabetes in adults. As scientists have learned more about the cause of diabetes, it has become apparent that adult-onset diabetes (diabetes type 2) and obesity are just different manifestations of the same disease process. Some doctors call it “diabisity”. It’s clear what brings on adult-onset diabetes, and why so many people are overweight today.

The development of insulin as medication has been an important achievement of modern medicine. Insulin has saved many lives of both children and young people with type 1 diabetes since the 1920s. Insulin has had a profound effect on the public’s and the medical profession’s perception of diabetes.

The term diabetes has become synonymous with lack of insulin. However, this is misleading. The fact is that most people with type 2 diabetes actually make too much insulin.

Compared to people with type 1 diabetes, people with type 2 diabetes often do not need insulin to control their blood sugar. In the past, adult-onset diabetes (type 2 diabetes) was considered as just a milder form of the diabetes that children get (type 1 diabetes). This is also caused by a lack of insulin but not as severe a deficiency.

In the 1980s, scientists made a remarkable discovery: The beta cells of patients with type 2 diabetes produce plenty of insulin. However, their bodies lose sensitivity to it, a condition called “insulin resistance”. Consequently, the beta cells have to make greater than normal amounts of insulin to compensate for the body’s loss of sensitivity to it.

Why Does the Body Stop Responding to Insulin

Your body does not need much insulin to handle fat and protein. You need insulin mainly to metabolize carbohydrates when foods in your digestive tract turn to sugar.

If you have insulin resistance, your body has to produce unnaturally large amounts of insulin to handle the carbohydrates in your diet.

Insulin keeps trying to transport glucose out of your blood and into your cells, but your cells no longer respond to insulin the way they use to. Insulin resistance goes on for years before diabetes occurs.

At first your beta cells are able to produce enough extra insulin to compensate for your body’s lack of sensitivity to it. However, as years go by, the beta cells wear out from over use, and their ability to endure such high levels of insulin production gradually dwindles. When they can no longer keep up with your body’s excessive demands for insulin, your blood sugar rises to a point where you are diagnosed with diabetes.

In other words, the unnaturally large amounts of refined carbohydrates typical of our diet, coupled with insulin resistance, wear out our beta cells and bring on type 2 diabetes.

Statistics are showing that some 40 percent of Americans eventually develop insulin resistance. However, only a minority of people with insulin resistance go on to develop diabetes. Genetic factors, as well as influences that scientists are still discovering, cause some people’s beta cells to wear out faster than those of others.

Source: The Sugar Blockers Diet by: Rob Thompson, MD.


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